The United States Open Tennis Championships is a hardcourt tennis tournament which is the modern version of one of the oldest tennis championships in the world, the U.S. National Championship, for which men’s singles was first contested in 1881. Since 1987, the US Open has been chronologically the fourth and final tennis major comprising the Grand Slam each year; the other three are the Australian Open, French Open and Wimbledon.
The US Open is held annually, starting on the last Monday in August, and lasting for two weeks into September, with the middle weekend coinciding with the Labor Day holiday. The main tournament consists of five event championships: men’s and women’s singles, men’s and women’s doubles, and mixed doubles, with additional tournaments for senior, junior, and wheelchair players. Since 1978, the tournament has been played on acrylic hard courts at the USTA Billie Jean King National Tennis Center in Flushing Meadows–Corona Park, Queens, New York City. The US Open is owned and organized by the United States Tennis Association (USTA), a not-for-profit organization. Net proceeds from ticket sales are used to promote the development of tennis in the United States.
The US Open is the only major that employs tiebreakers in every set of a match. If a match reaches a 6-6 tie in the final set (third set for women, fifth set for men) at the Australian Open, the French Open, or Wimbledon, the match continues until one player wins by two games. The sets played before the last set always employ tiebreakers.
The total prize money for the 2013 US Open championships is $34,252,000 (in US dollars) which represents an increase of about ten million dollars compared to the 2012 edition. The prize money is divided as follows:
|Mixed Doubles*||32 Draw||$150,000||$70,000||$30,000||$15,000||–||–||$10,000||$5,000||–||–||–||$500,000|
* per team
In addition to the championship prize money an amount of $410,000 was
available for the Champions Invitational and $1,272,000 for player per
diem bringing the total player compensation to $25,526,000.
The US Open has made a five-year agreement to increase the total
prize money to about $50,000,000 by 2017. As a result, the total base
prize money for the 2013 tournament has been increased to $33.6 million
which is a record $8.1 million increase from 2012. The champions of the
2013 Emirates Airline US Open Series will also have the opportunity to
add $2.6 million in bonus prize money, potentially bringing the total
2013 US Open purse to more than $36 million. In 2014 the total base prize money was $38.3 million. In 2015 the prize money will be raised to $42.3 million.